The

GodButton.png

Sessions

CHRISTIAN BLOG

Discussing our extraordinary God

WHO ARE GOD'S CHOSEN PEOPLE TODAY VS IN THE OLD TESTAMENT?

OLD vs NEW TETAMENTS

– Part Three –

Who has the right to be called a child of God in the New Testament? Do we need to be born into the lineage of Abraham? Can we simply choose to become God's child? Or is it a process of divine selection we have no control over?


THE CHILDREN OF GOD

 

INTRODUCTION


In this piece (Part Three of our series on the differences between the Old and New Testaments), our discussion will go through the following phases in answer to our questions:

  • Section 1-3: Since sin is what separated us from God and made us captives of Satan, we will first discuss God's plan to free us because it holds the key to who has the possibility of being saved.

  • Section 4: We will then go on to discuss who God actually wants to save.

  • Section 5-7: Finally we will link it all back to the Old Testament, asking: Who are the Gentiles? Did Jesus only come for the Lost sheep of the House of Israel? How should we understand God's eternal promise to Abraham today?


1 - SATAN’S WORK DESTROYED


Jesus came to earth to utterly destroy the works of Satan.


“For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that He might destroy the works of the devil.” – 1 John 3:8b


Sin was the fruit of Satan’s labour. The fact that all of mankind had followed him into it was the devil's trophy before God.


“He who sins is of the devil, for the devil has sinned from the beginning.” – 1 John 3:8a


Since sin came through Adam, Jesus was the metaphorical ‘second Adam,’ come to restore all that was lost by the first Adam's fall. So Jesus came to undo all that happened as a result of sin and to restore life where death had taken hold.


“For since by man came death, by Man also came the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive.” – 1 Corinthians 15:21-22


If Jesus came to defeat everything that Satan had achieved, then Jesus had to bring righteousness in all the places there was unrighteousness; justice for injustice, life for death, restoration for hurt and so forth. But how was that victory over Satan gained? Through His death.


“...that through death He might destroy him who had the power of death, that is, the devil.” – Hebrews 2:14b


In order to defeat all that Satan did, Jesus came to atone for every wrong men had ever committed. Jesus had to take on the punishment of every single human being. That way righteousness would be fulfilled, justice would be served and God could restore all things to the "original" untainted state He created. If Jesus had left even one wrong unpaid for, Satan’s works would not have been utterly destroyed.


“He has appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself.” – Hebrews 9:26b


“Jesus Christ, the Righteous One... is the atoning sacrifice for our sins, and not only for ours but also for the sins of the whole world.1 John 2:1b-2


To clarify, Jesus did not come to overpower the devil – this He will do with His second coming. Instead, He came to remove the authority of the devil and to take away his claim over mankind. Which is why He says just before His crucifixion:


“now the ruler of this world will be cast out.” – John 12:31


After the cross the work of the devil was undone. We do not yet see the evidence of Satan's defeat around us (not anywhere but in the lives of God's children who are a first-fruit of that work), but his total outward destruction will be made very evident at the end of all things. And God has already placed all things under Jesus' feet:


“You have put all things in subjection under His feet. For in that He put all in subjection under Him, He left nothing that is not put under Him. But now we do not yet see all things put under Him. But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels, for the suffering of death crowned with glory and honour, that He, by the grace of God, might taste death for everyone.” – Hebrews 2:8-9


But why did Jesus' death overcome Satan or put sin away? Because something else was going on at the same time – God's judgement.


2 - JUDGMENT DAY


Just before His crucifixion Jesus said these words:


“Now is the judgment of this world” – John 12:31


God predestined the crucifixion as the hour of judgement on all the world’s transgressions. Why? Because for the penalty of sin to be paid by Jesus, the penalty first had to be pronounced. So God collected all the sin’s of mankind (stretching over 6000 years and billions of souls), and every sin – past, present and future – was exposed before Him and judged. And His verdict? All men were condemned to die:

“For the wages of sin is death” – Romans 6:23a


And Satan fell like lightning from heaven (Luke 10:18). Therefore Jesus could say that after His resurrection:

“the ruler of this world is judged.” – John 16:8-11


But Satan's sentence is waiting for him when Jesus returns. For now he knows his time is short.


“So the great dragon was cast out, that serpent of old, called the Devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world; he was cast to the earth, and his angels were cast out with him. Then I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, ‘Now salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of His Christ have come, for the accuser of our brethren, who accused them before our God day and night, has been cast down... Therefore rejoice, O heavens, and you who dwell in them! Woe to the inhabitants of the earth and the sea! For the devil has come down to you, having great wrath, because he knows that he has a short time.’” – Revelation 12:12

But in the very hour of man's judgment before God, Jesus was hanging on a cross outside Jerusalem, offering Himself as the mark of all God’s collective anger. This is the crux of all that was accomplished on the cross.

God’s plan for our salvation then, was to use Jesus’ death as His means to resolve His righteous anger and His collective judgment against men. The full measure of His fury was spent on His Son. He did this so that instead of showing us His wrath, He could show us His glorious mercy instead (see Part Two).

So by one act, God could both condemn Satan and release mankind from his grip.


But having atoned for sin was only half the battle won. Something else was still lacking, death itself had to be defeated.


3 - DEATH OVERCOME


Because of sin, Satan had the right to bring us all to decay and finally death, and hold us there under his power. But Jesus died without ever sinning, so death had no rightful hold over Him. Thus God’s righteousness would not allow Him to be kept there.


“Jesus of Nazareth... whom God raised up, having loosed the pains of death, because it was not possible that He should be held by it.” – Acts 2:24


In resurrection Jesus defied the chains of death.


“...Christ, having been raised from the dead, dies no more. Death no longer has dominion over Him.” – Romans 6:9


And if He was raised to life and lives eternally, then in Him we live as well (as we saw in Part One). Thus He has saved us from the power of death.


“Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in Me, though he may die, he shall live.” – John 11:25


“Most assuredly, I say to you, he who believes in Me has everlasting life.” – John 6:47


So Jesus overcame the power of sin – through His death as our atoning sacrifice. And He overcame the power of death – through His resurrection to eternal life. And with sin and death conquered, God's will for mankind could be fulfilled.


“And this is the will of Him who sent Me, that everyone who sees the Son and believes in Him may have everlasting life.” – John 6:40a

4 - GOD’S DESIRE FOR ALL MEN


Jesus paid the penalty so that all mankind could be released from Satan's grasp. So it should not surprise us that the New Testament teaches that all men can come to salvation in Him. Let's explore 4 different ways the Bible says this, before we go deeper.


  • No 1: The Bible says all mankind (regardless of type) can be saved.

“For since by man came death, by Man also came the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive.” – 1 Corinthians 15:21-22


By Adam, death came to every human ever born. But the above verse goes on to say that in Jesus all shall be made alive. If ‘all die’ and ‘all will be made alive’ then the word ‘all’ means the same in both cases – every single human. Here are two more examples: